ENIGMA 2000 Newsletter - Issue 11

July 2002
Articles, newsreports and Items of interest : e2k_news@hotmail.com

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Enigma 2000 article

Before we proceed with the Article; We recently received an interesting positive appraisal of KofKent's 'Gladio article, printed in Issue 9. AnonMW writes:

The Gladio article was of particular interest, as I know the Americans had a similar programme in Italy, in the same time frame, but with (typically) much more equipment layout. Even large caches of arms were hidden at various locations in Italy, for the use of "stay behind" units. I know we had (the Brits, that is) a similar set up in West Germany although I have yet to see any admission in print (Electronic or otherwise).
My late father , who served in the Royal Navy in WW2, told me about the tunnels below Gibraltar. He reckoned there were ammo dumps, hospitals, even food stores down there.


[Tnx AnonMW].

[E2k is aware that tunnel maintenance is still undertaken and that it is possible for visits to be approved for service personnel].

Following on from the very popular first part we now offer:

"This is Radio Enoch"
The story of Britain's political clandestine
By 'C'
Part Two

I hope you enjoyed Part One of the Radio Enoch story published in Issue 6. My thanks to those readers who kindly sent me details of web sites containing Enoch information. I have acknowledged the use of some material at the end of this part.

We left Part One with four unanswered questions.

I will attempt to throw some light on these questions, however, we will be left to speculate on others.

Who supported Radio Enoch ?

One thing which I did not reveal in Part One was the fact that I did actually meet two of the operators of Radio Enoch, although it does not answer the question posed above I hope you will find the account of interest. In the 1970s I was involved with the pop-pirate scene and a friend of the operator of Radio Solent City, I also used to listen to stations in the 49 Metre band and QSL them. I had sent off-air recordings to Radio Enoch via the mailing address and received studio recordings and photographs in exchange. My memory of the1970s is not all that great now, but I remember that many stations at that time used a mail forwarding address at Newark in Nottinghamshire, a meeting had been arranged (in a Pub) between some of the Pop Pirate operators - I mentioned this to my contact at Radio Enoch and he arranged to meet myself and two people from Radio Solent City. Although the meeting was in a public place not many people really new each other and I distinctly remember that no one looked very impressed when the two mysterious men (who were well dressed unlike us scruffy student types) in the corner announced 'they' were the operators of Radio Enoch ! I think I was about the only person that spoke with them. In answer to the question "Who Supported Radio Enoch" I did get the impression that it was not such a big operation - something which you will find contradicted later in this article. At the age of about 17 I think I learned a lesson - to take care who you invite to the party !

Why did the GPO fail to find the transmitter ?

In the mid - 1970s we had not reached the Digital Watch stage of technological evolution, but DF systems did exist even if they were left over from WWII. The General Post Office (GPO) were charged with locating those 'naughty pirate stations' and seemed to have most success with MW pirates which were much more popular then. Radio Jackie in London was raided every week! Short Wave stations tended to be left alone, the occasional raid taking place, perhaps the fact that they were not attracting the attention of vast numbers of listeners was a factor. Radio Enoch had however woken up this sleepy corner of that strange mode known as SW on the dial. The British Press had probably not reported on a story concerning SW since the days when Radios were marked with those strange places like Lahti (where is that). Radio Enoch was in the Press and on Radio 4. The GPO was under pressure to silence its extreme views.

The following is information, which I came across on the Web - and provides new information, which I did not have when preparing Part One. "The only Radio Enoch broadcast to be attended by the authorities was the first transmission. The MW transmitter had been installed in a council flat in Tile Hill in Coventry and a long wire aerial was taken from the flat to a high tree some distance away. A neighbour telephoned the Police to complain about a suspicious character climbing trees, and the Police arrived during the first transmission and removed the aerial from the tree - end and started to tug it, thereby pulling the transmitter along the floor of the flat. The Police then entered the flat and asked the operators what they were doing; "We have been trying to receive Radio Caroline". The Police were then given a demonstration and in boomed Radio Caroline. The transmission continued that day from another location. In subsequent weeks, one-hour broadcasts were made at 11.00 on Sunday mornings. Long - wire aerials were installed at various locations in the Midlands usually between two trees in country lanes using thin and "invisible" wire. Typically, the aerials were not used until several weeks after installation in case suspicion had been aroused. The MW broadcasts did not attract an audience in view of the short transmission hours and lack of any form of publicity, and in November 1978, the operators had a rethink. From this was born Radio Enoch on SW.

Radio Enoch evaded the authorities by moving transmitter sites. The most powerful transmission came from a farm near Shrewsbury. A doctor's clinic was used in Portsmouth, a Sub Post office in inner London, a country residence in Kent, and several farms in the Midlands amongst a dozen or so other locations. The transmitters were put into hiding between broadcasts. Some 200 people were in the know"

This insight in to the transmitter sites used is most interesting and perhaps goes some way to explaining how Radio Enoch evaded the GPO, I am sure that other SW pirates did not travel so far and wide.

Transmitters & equipment

According to one report a number of transmitters were built and acquired including KW Vanguard with 1,200 watt Yaesu Musen RF amplifier. Force air-cooled 4Cx20B transmitter, Heathkit HW101 - 2 x 6164 amplitude modulated and other homebrew MW, VHF and Shortwave transmitters.

Was MI5 & GCHQ involved in tracking the station operators ?

We can sadly only speculate on these questions. I would imagine that the GPO had requested the assistance of GCHQ and its CSOS out stations in tracing and DFing the signals in the limited time of the transmissions. Whether MI5 ran a file on Radio Enoch we will probably never know. My guess is firmly that they did - given recent revelations by David Shayler on just 'who' does have a file at MI5. Britain's obsession with all things secret would doubtless have given MI5 a good opportunity to pack a flask and sandwiches, desperate to find out as much as possible about Radio Enoch's operations, even possibly an attempt at infiltration, who knows. I managed to meet the operators so it was not 'that' difficult! Perhaps one day the truth may come out but don't hold your breath.

Why did the station close ?

The political climate was changing, Thatcherism was now taking hold and the old traitors in the Conservative Party were been displaced. Thatcher was Powell's natural successor for representing right-wing opinion, and she brought a halt to uncontrolled immigration, a virtual demolition of the trade unions, and an end to the loony left, and a major towards the dismantling of international socialism.

Glad to see the back of it !

Not everyone was sad to see it close. Comments on the Internet (some too rude for this article) include - "Frankly, I'm appalled by the number of websites and publications which write with a nostalgic, even sympathetic, view of Radio Enoch" & "The presentation style was stuffy and formal, a parody of 1930s BBC Home Service announcers".

And to end our look at Radio Enoch I will leave the last words to another e-mail contributor - "Thankfully, Radio Enoch is now long dead and buried. So is Mr Powell. Sadly, their racist ideas still exist and must be fought wherever they arise".

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS - My thanks to S.Lewis and Sterling Times. <www.sterlingtimes.co.uk> for use of material in this part. C.




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